Abdominal Wall Hernias are common. The hernias can occur after previous surgery. Common causes of umbilical hernias are congenital defects or from previous laparoscopic surgery. Larger hernias can occur from previous incisions.
Hernias can often be repaired from a lower abdominal incision. Smaller hernias can be repaired primarily by approximating the edges of the hernia. Larger hernias require release of the fascia surrounding the hernia to close the wounds.